By Jackie Newson BSc(Hons) MBANT
Dyslexia is a fairly common condition and experts believe it is closely related to dyspraxia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Around five per cent of the population is severely dyslexic, although milder forms of the condition affect many more.
WHAT IS DYSLEXIA?
Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability that is neurological in its origin. It is characterised by poor spelling, poor working memory and difficulties with accurate word recognition and fluent pronunciation. Those with dyslexia usually experience secondary consequences, which may include poor writing skills and difficulty in reading.
WHAT CAUSES DYSLEXIA?
The causes are still not entirely clear but studies have shown that some types of dyslexia may be due to a missing or inactive connection between parts of the brain. The differences in the way the brain of a dyslexic person functions leads to the learning difficulties mentioned. Dyslexia occurs in people of all backgrounds and intellectual levels. There also appears to be a genetic pre-disposition, as it tends to run in families.
Poor nutrition and a lack of essential fatty acids in the diet may exacerbate the concentration and behavioural difficulties frequently associated with dyslexia.
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